Universal Human Values vs Scripture Fact or Fiction
Theory of Basic Human Values tries to measure Universal Values that are recognized throughout all major cultures. The Theory of Basic Human Values recognizes ten universal values, which can be organized in four higher-order groups. Each of the ten universal values has a central goal that is the underlying motivator.
Spirituality was considered as an additional eleventh value, however, it was found that it did not exist in all cultures. Philosophers feel that adding spirituality is not a relevant term because all regions are not the same in a belief system. But will not use the same criteria for their own assumptions.